Austrian black pine

in Species Guide
Latin name : Pinus Nigra Family : Pinaceae Genus : Pinus

Recognizing Austrian black pine

  • Its yellow-brown bark has deep, blackish cracks.
  • Its dark green needles are medium-long, stiff and sharp. They may be straight or slightly curved.
  • Its ovoid, sessile cones that are perpendicular to the branch.

Sites favored by Austrian black pine


Lower mountain regions in the south (Southern Alps and Cévennes), chalky slopes and plateaus. Continental. Withstands drought and cold temperatures well. Resists up to -24°C.


Can cope with low rainfall levels.


A light-loving species that tolerates dry chalky, magnesian, marly soils and compact clays.

Root development of the Austrian black pine 

  • Powerful root development, even in shallow soils.

Root development of the Austrian black pine 

  • Austrian black pine is a hardy, pioneering species, often used to restore the terrain in mountain areas.
  • It is introduced at the holm oak level.

Growth and production of Austrian black pine

  • Tree than can reach 25-35 meters high.
  • Slow growth with poor natural pruning.

Austrian black pine wood 

  • Wood with good mechanical properties: carpentry, sawing and industrial log use.
  • Paper pulp
  • Many knots
  • Very often used in reforestation


Pine processionary caterpillar photograph: Lamiot - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

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